Intrauterine Insemination (IUI):
This low-tech approach has pregnancy rates that range from 3%-15% with an average of 10% per month attempted. This means that in any given month 9 out of 10 times people doing an IUI will NOT become pregnant. A patient’s age determines the exact pregnancy rate.
*Though IUI is less effective, with lower pregnancy rates compared to other techniques, patients generally seek out IUI due to its affordability.
Ovulation is enhanced with medication. Usually accomplished using pills (clomiphene or letrozole).
Egg development is monitored via ultrasounds
Ovulation is precipitated with a trigger medication
A sperm sample is processed and enhanced
IUI is performed: knowing the total distance from the cervix to the fallopian tube is the equivalent of a marathon for deposited sperm (26.2 miles), during an IUI, we collect the best sperm (runners) and place them in mile 24 — making their journey easier.
Pregnancy test is then conducted approximately 14 days after the IUI is performed.
In Vitro Fertilization:
Since 1978, In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) has been the gold standard of fertility treatments. This technique is usually 2 – 3 times more effective than sexual intercourse with no intervention. With a pregnancy rate ranging from 20-65%, IVF is thus 2 – 3 times greater than the standard pregnancy rate. Compared to it’s alternatives, IVF is a more expensive investment.
1. Enhancement of ovulation with medications
● Using hormones that your body naturally produces (FSH and LH), we enhance the production of eggs (oocytes) and optimize their maturation.
2. Egg pick up (retrieval)
● The eggs are extracted while the patient is sedated
● They are transferred to the laboratory where our embryologists will identify
and prepare them
● Usually the best sperm is selected and injected into the egg, a process referred to as ICSI (Intracytoplasmic sperm injection)
● 5 days later, some of the embryos will reach the stage of approximately 200 cells (forming a blastocyst)
4. Embryo Transfer
● A single embryo, sometimes multiple embryos, are transferred either 5 days after fertilization or in the following months after a process of cryopreservation**